Château de Gruyères Castle in Switzerland’s Fribourg canton

Gruyeres_chateau_manlylove

My sister is a champion at finding interesting excursions in Switzerland. In February, she took the family to Gruyères.

Yes, the city is the heart of the Gruyère district (without s) of the Fribourg canton. The place is the home of gruyère cheese.

We visited the Château de Gruyères or Gruyères Castle.

History

The château was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554.

His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.

In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public.

Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.

Gruyeres_chateau_armour

As a museum

The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476.

As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father’s death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good‘s emblem sewn into it.

A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.

Gruyeres_chateau_table

Visiting

The castle is located in the late medieval town, not far from the railway station. Allow an hour or two for the visit.

With the help of Wikipedia.

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